Hvad alle har brug at vide om forhøjet blodtryk

Højt blodtryk- eller “hypertension” – er et stort folkesundhedsproblem, der påvirker op til 1: 4 amerikanerne.

Der er to typer af forhøjet blodtryk, primær hypertension og sekundær hypertension.

Primær hypertension tegner sig for 95% af hypertension og har flere medvirkende faktorer.

Sekundær hypertension (naturligvis de øvrige 5% af hypertension tilfælde) opstår, når der er en fejl i en af kroppens organer eller systemer.

Primære (eller vigtigt) hypertension kan tilskrives en række faktorer. Omkring kan 30% af tilfældene tilskrives genetiske faktorer. For eksempel, påvirker højt blodtryk mere afrikansk-amerikanere end asiater eller kaukasiere. Derudover er du dobbelt så tilbøjelige til at lide af forhøjet blodtryk, hvis begge dine forældre havde det.

Fleste mennesker med primær hypertension har en bestemt abnormitet – øget stivhed eller modstand i de perifere arterier, arterier længst væk fra hjertet. Disse perifere arterier er afgørende i forbindelse med ilt-rige blod og næringsstoffer til alle væv og organer i kroppen.

Denne stivhed er til stede i disse patienter, hvis primær hypertension er relateret til genetiske faktorer, mangel på motion, Overdreven saltindtag og aldring. Den nøjagtige årsag til denne hærdning er ukendt.

Behandling af forhøjet blodtryk indebærer evaluere visse livsstilsfaktorer og gøre passende ændringer.

Fedme

Dette er fælles med patienter med forhøjet blodtryk og bliver mere udbredt med alderen. Fedme er absolut en medvirkende faktor i højt blodtryk, fordi hjertet skal arbejde hårdere for at levere blod for at levere det overskydende væv.

Fede mennesker med forhøjet blodtryk har også en større stivhed i deres perifere arterier. Derudover korrelerer fedme meget med en tendens til, at nyrerne til at bevare salt.

Derfor kan en korrekt vægt tab rutine støtte i at sænke blodtrykket.

Motion

Regelmæssig motion kan hjælpe med at mindske højt blodtryk på lang sigt. Forskning viser, at jo mere du træner, jo mere du reducere blodtrykket, selv om fordelene ved lavere blodtryk, der stammer fra udøvelsen synes at forekomme langt mere med aerob motion end anaerob motion som styrketræning.

Rygning

Selvom rygning ikke er direkte knyttet til udviklingen af forhøjet blodtryk, øger det risikoen for andre komplikationer såsom hjertesygdomme og slagtilfælde.

Ironisk nok, nogle rygere kan potentielt har lavere blodtryk end ikke-rygere, fordi nikotin i cigaretter forårsager nedsat appetit, hvilket kan føre til vægttab, hvilket til gengæld fører til at sænke blodtrykket.

Alkohol

Overdreven alkoholindtagelse (over 2 drinks om dagen) kan fordoble dine chancer for at lide af forhøjet blodtryk.

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