Hvad alle har brug at vide om forhøjet blodtryk

Højt blodtryk- eller “hypertension” – er et stort folkesundhedsproblem, der påvirker op til 1: 4 amerikanerne.

Der er to typer af forhøjet blodtryk, primær hypertension og sekundær hypertension.

Primær hypertension tegner sig for 95% af hypertension og har flere medvirkende faktorer.

Sekundær hypertension (naturligvis de øvrige 5% af hypertension tilfælde) opstår, når der er en fejl i en af kroppens organer eller systemer.

Primære (eller vigtigt) hypertension kan tilskrives en række faktorer. Omkring kan 30% af tilfældene tilskrives genetiske faktorer. For eksempel, påvirker højt blodtryk mere afrikansk-amerikanere end asiater eller kaukasiere. Derudover er du dobbelt så tilbøjelige til at lide af forhøjet blodtryk, hvis begge dine forældre havde det.

Fleste mennesker med primær hypertension har en bestemt abnormitet – øget stivhed eller modstand i de perifere arterier, arterier længst væk fra hjertet. Disse perifere arterier er afgørende i forbindelse med ilt-rige blod og næringsstoffer til alle væv og organer i kroppen.

Denne stivhed er til stede i disse patienter, hvis primær hypertension er relateret til genetiske faktorer, mangel på motion, Overdreven saltindtag og aldring. Den nøjagtige årsag til denne hærdning er ukendt.

Behandling af forhøjet blodtryk indebærer evaluere visse livsstilsfaktorer og gøre passende ændringer.


Dette er fælles med patienter med forhøjet blodtryk og bliver mere udbredt med alderen. Fedme er absolut en medvirkende faktor i højt blodtryk, fordi hjertet skal arbejde hårdere for at levere blod for at levere det overskydende væv.

Fede mennesker med forhøjet blodtryk har også en større stivhed i deres perifere arterier. Derudover korrelerer fedme meget med en tendens til, at nyrerne til at bevare salt.

Derfor kan en korrekt vægt tab rutine støtte i at sænke blodtrykket.


Regelmæssig motion kan hjælpe med at mindske højt blodtryk på lang sigt. Forskning viser, at jo mere du træner, jo mere du reducere blodtrykket, selv om fordelene ved lavere blodtryk, der stammer fra udøvelsen synes at forekomme langt mere med aerob motion end anaerob motion som styrketræning.


Selvom rygning ikke er direkte knyttet til udviklingen af forhøjet blodtryk, øger det risikoen for andre komplikationer såsom hjertesygdomme og slagtilfælde.

Ironisk nok, nogle rygere kan potentielt har lavere blodtryk end ikke-rygere, fordi nikotin i cigaretter forårsager nedsat appetit, hvilket kan føre til vægttab, hvilket til gengæld fører til at sænke blodtrykket.


Overdreven alkoholindtagelse (over 2 drinks om dagen) kan fordoble dine chancer for at lide af forhøjet blodtryk.


  1. Wohh just what I was searching for, appreciate it for posting. I love your website!

  2. I am glad that I discovered this website, precisely the right info that I was searching for!

  3. Necesita urgentemente un préstamo hipotecario o un gran préstamo de inversión, consulte nuestras listas de todas las ofertas de préstamos.

  4. ¿Necesita urgentemente un préstamo en efectivo? Consulte préstamos grandes y pequeños en línea y obtenga un préstamo rápido para aquellos que están endeudados y más.

  5. I’m commenting to let you be aware of of the awesome discovery my child developed browsing the blog. She came to find a good number of details, including how it is like to have a great coaching character to get a number of people clearly completely grasp a number of advanced issues. You actually did more than her desires. I appreciate you for churning out such beneficial, dependable, edifying and cool guidance on that topic to Emily.

  6. I am just writing to make you understand what a perfect experience my wife’s princess obtained using your webblog. She noticed some things, which included what it is like to possess an excellent teaching spirit to make others with no trouble learn about specific specialized things. You undoubtedly surpassed readers’ expected results. Thanks for providing those priceless, trusted, informative as well as unique tips on your topic to Mary.

  7. I enjoy you because of all of the effort on this blog. Debby delights in conducting internet research and it’s easy to see why. A number of us hear all about the compelling form you create both useful and interesting guidelines by means of the blog and boost contribution from other ones about this area of interest and my child has been becoming educated a great deal. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You’re carrying out a fabulous job.

  8. My wife and i were very thrilled when Raymond managed to round up his web research with the precious recommendations he was given while using the weblog. It is now and again perplexing to simply possibly be releasing tips and tricks which usually the rest might have been trying to sell. We really understand we now have you to thank for this. Those illustrations you made, the straightforward website navigation, the relationships your site make it possible to promote – it is mostly wonderful, and it is making our son in addition to us understand this topic is thrilling, which is certainly wonderfully vital. Thanks for the whole thing!

  9. A lot of thanks for all your efforts on this site. Gloria enjoys doing investigation and it’s easy to understand why. Almost all know all concerning the dynamic means you deliver great information on the web blog and as well encourage contribution from other people on that concept plus our daughter is actually being taught a lot. Have fun with the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one conducting a glorious job.

  10. Thanks for the suggestions about credit repair on this particular web-site. The things i would offer as advice to people is usually to give up this mentality that they buy at this point and fork out later. As being a society most of us tend to make this happen for many factors. This includes trips, furniture, in addition to items we’d like. However, it is advisable to separate one’s wants from the needs. As long as you’re working to raise your credit ranking score you really have to make some trade-offs. For example you may shop online to economize or you can check out second hand outlets instead of high priced department stores intended for clothing.

  11. I simply wanted to thank you so much once more. I do not know what I would’ve taken care of without these suggestions revealed by you over my area. Completely was a alarming case for me, but being able to see a expert approach you dealt with it forced me to cry for contentment. Extremely grateful for the advice and believe you are aware of a powerful job that you’re accomplishing educating many others all through a blog. I’m certain you’ve never come across all of us.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.